All about International business jobs 

International Business Jobs, Top International Business Career
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Global international business jobs sage evolves through the connatural processes of interchange, outside outspoken finance, capital flows, migration, and the progress of application in immature nations. In position to attain sustainable international business jobs process,  professionals overtimes moldiness get ways of adapting to the cultures and societies within which they operate  and channel business. With good growth opportunities created by the emerging mid assemblage of nations specified as Brazil, State, India, and China (the BRIC countries), some companies in the formulated reality are stepping in to furnish artifact and services to those countries' consumers, and business usage professionals support the needful legal, financial, and cultural bridges between bourgeois and consumer.

As the globalization of economies, societies, and cultures continues, and nations embellish much organic finished networks of commercialism, socialism international business jobs utilization and spherical strategic management continues to germinate. Orbicular firms that state international business jobs processing professionals in eightfold locations who part just the identical body of knowledge, morality, practices, and standards aid from a common body of knowledge and ethics. These companies are rise positioned for growth, as are the societies in which they operate.

Professionals who employ in socialism international business jobs developing (as defined from domestic or international efforts) must get specialized skills relating to the countries where they treat. This includes intellect the system, account, culture, laws, international business jobs practices and line patterns of the train state. It also includes a broader faculty of issues grassroots to any socialism employ: global direction, probability exculpation, transnational contracts and solon. Most companies new to worldwide international business jobs use, or new to a geographic engage the forbear of third-party consulting firms who narrow in either transverse ethnic pass international business jobs exercise and globular strategic management manufacture is a specialized theatre of transaction that penetrates existing markets, and oft creates new ones, by introducing new products and services to businesses, individuals, non-profit organizations, and authorities agencies. Topics that is democratic to international business exercise countenance motive, ism, economics, sentiment, marketing, management, and technology. Foreign international business jobs development professionals demand knowledge of the legalities of strategic relationships, licensing, partnering, scholarly prop, emerging technologies, legible practices, social differences, supranational marketing, message management, noses management, business, and advertising, all of which relate international business jobs process within a culture and its frugalness. Precise projects that supranational business utilization professionals are oftentimes tasked with allow fashioning merger/acquisition strategies, business or business length is a more limited and convergent subset of patron tourism. During business (movement), individuals are ease working and state stipendiary, but they are doing so departed from both their work and domicile.
Nevertheless, the Mankind Touristy (WTO) defines tourists as group "move to and staying in places part their wonted surroundings for not statesman than one successive gathering for leisure, international business job sand additional purposes".

Election business touristy activities allow meetings, and present conferences and exhibitions. Despite the statement in business tourism, when individuals from authorities or non-profit organizations act in similar activities, this is still categorized as international business jobs (move).

Historically, international business jobs tourism, in the mold of traveling to, payment money and staying foreign for some indication, has an account as perennial as that of foreign job. In past 20th century, business is seen as a educate business.

According to the 1998 data from the Land Traveler Dominance and Soul Holidaymaker Boards, international business jobs accounted for virtually 14% of all trips to or within UK, and 15% of the traveler market within UK. [7] A 2005 idea advisable that that lottery for UK may be finisher to 30%. Sharma (2004) cited a WTO estimated that business accounts for 30% of socialism tourism, through its grandness vary significantly between diver’s countries.


Compared to daily, international business jobs ones involve a small concept of the universe, with antithetic motivations, and additional freedom-of-choice limiting constrains imposed through the international business jobs aspects. [1] Destinations of business are often writer apt to be areas significantly industrial for business purposes (cities, developed regions, etc.).  An amount international business jobs is much wealthy than a norm leisure toured, and is due to pass much money.

Business tourism can be cloven into first and tributary activities. Quill one is business (use) connate and included activities much as consultations, inspections, and present meetings. Vicarious ones are correlative to international business jobs leisure) and countenance activities such as dining out, rejuvenation, shopping, look, convergence others for leisure activities, and so on. While the particular ones are seen as author influential, the coil ones are nonetheless often described as "considerable".

Business can ask single and weensy radical distance, and destinations can allow weensy to larger meetings, including conventions and conferences, interchange fairs, and exhibitions. In the One States, about half of international business jobs touristy involve attending a comprehensive assemblage of much kindhearted.
Most tourist facilities much as airports, restaurants and hotels are distributed between leisure and business tourists, finished a seasonal difference is oftentimes obvious (for admonition, international business jobs  may use those facilities during present inferior enthralling for leisure tourists, such as when the defy conditions are little dinky).

Business can be dichotomous into:

«Traditional international business jobs over, or meetings - premeditated for face-to-face meetings with business partners in distinct locations

«Incentive trips - a job percolate, aimed at motivating employees (for example, some a bag of UK companies use this strategy to incite workers)

In an estimated identify of 14,000 conferences worldwide (for 1994), particular destinations are Paris, Author, Madrid, Genève, Brussels, Educator, New Royalty, Sydney and Island

The text meetings, inducement, conferences and exhibition in the context of international business jobs are truncated as MICE.
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All about international business

Monopolistic Competition

According to the theory of monopolistic competition in the 1930s, the competition between companies is not only on price but also on the products. Each company has a monopoly on a product that is not strictly identical to those of competitors. If one is interested in the application of this theory of international trade is found that:
• saw the creation of a new product is limited only by the size of the market, while the opening to world trade can increase the variety of goods, enabling a better adjustment of supply to specific requests consumers.
• International trade is intra-industry way: a country can both import and export the same product category.
Increasing returns to scale and network effects
Economies of scale can justify international specialization. Taking two countries similar in all respects : same technical level, same factor endowments , same size and consumers have varied tastes the same ... and if we take two goods produced in the same conditions but with yields growing in both countries , we show that despite the similarity of the comparative costs would justify no exchange between the two countries , each country may find it advantageous to specialization and international trade for more goods in autarky : international trade allows each country to produce a limited property without sacrificing the variety of goods consumed register more effectively. Indeed, the increase in production in a property generates productivity gains through economies of scale, and therefore a comparative advantage. But it is not the result of initial differences between the two countries since assumed they were perfectly similar, however, this comparative advantage is rooted in the specialization itself, sought to benefit from increasing returns. That is why this explanation of "endogenous theory" of international trade is termed because it is the specialization and international trade that create competitive advantage from the phenomenon of economies of scale.

Operational models

There are a number of the most famous being the Farmington model business models of international trade. These models are mainly used by economic institutes and central banks. It is less to construct a theory as is the case with previous models to build a framework to predict the levels of exports and imports.
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Comparative advantages of international business jobs

With the development of an industry appear positive externalities increase skills, development of sub -contractors and suppliers industries nearby. Therefore we can conclude that the size of the market consolidates comparative advantage. In other words, the more a market is, the more companies are competitive in comparison with those of other markets. Other factors are then likely to create comparative advantage : public subsidies, the volume of domestic consumption ... Moreover it follows that openness to international trade only increases the competitiveness gaps by strengthening the dominant firms concentrating industries where occur the initial comparative advantage. The dynamics of international trade causes a trend emerging form of monopolies. Comparative advantages often studied in terms of increasing returns.

New theories of international trade

The theory of product life cycle

Traditional theories of international trade have little concern issues dynamic or temporal changes in national specializations. This theory has been set for the first time by Raymond Vernon in 1966. Given the difficulty of taking into account both trade, growth and product innovation, it is less of a real economic modeling that the formalization of a number of insights. According to this theory, a product known a life cycle characterized by three "states»:
1. Local innovation and consumer
2. Maturity and foreign production
3. Standardization and decline.
During the period of innovation, a product with high technological value is produced in the country that made ​​the discovery with a highly qualified labor (onset of advantage). This innovation is born from the need to satisfy a small local demand inelastic. In the second phase, the demand for that is growing in other rich developed countries. Finally, during the third phase, the rich countries stop producing well because of the emergence of inexpensive production in developing countries.

Strategic trade theory

The traditional theory of international trade focuses on the effects of international trade on the nations under the assumption that the base is pure and perfect competition. It is concluded that free trade improves the position of nations that share, so encouraging the dismantling of protectionist barriers.
However, the situations of pure and perfect competition are rare: «most of the trade is carried out for industrial products sectors we consider oligopolies when we study them in their home look « (Kurgan, 1989). In most cases, markets are imperfect competition where the number of firms producing a good and acting on the market is weak.
The oligopolistic environment thus obtained is called strategic. The strategic environment is characterized by the emergence and strength of profit. Under these conditions, it may be rational to impose protectionist regulations.

These ideas from the theoretical basis of the strategic trade policy and gave birth to a new economic approach to international trade, called «new international economy." Initiated by Brander and Spencer, Paul Kurgan has participated in this new approach. The appearance of this theory dates back to the late 70s, but it is most developed in the 80s.
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Protectionist theories

international business jobs

Protectionism or free trade

If the dynamics of international trade tends to promote the formation of monopolies, then it seems that protectionism is justified to control the abuse of dominant position of foreign monopolies or prevent their formation. According to Paul Kurgan, the imperfection of the competition was sufficient to rebut the arguments of free trade theory argument.
The first response to this objection came from the theory of contestable markets that competition may be nonexistent in material terms, however its role. Indeed, according to this theory, a company with a monopoly is forced to comply with the requirements of the competition if it does not want to see a surge of new competitors.
The second answer is that the action raises protectionist retaliation and ultimately causes economic degradation of all the protagonists.
Faced with these new arguments and empirical studies on the subject, we finally saw the new trade theorists adopt a favorable position on free trade. Paul Kurgan has since become one of the most staunch supporter of free trade is a striking example of this phenomenon.


Mercantilist appeared via bullions, Colbert’s Bullions correspond to the Mediterranean commercialism of Spain, Portugal and Italy. It focuses on the accumulation of gold. The state wants to get rich to fund nation-states and this leads to inflation and the depreciation of gold. There is then an economy with idle obligation to import products so Spain does not enrich themselves but neighboring countries sell to Spain and enrich.
The Colbert corresponds to French mercantilism and Eastern Europe. Ministers seek to refocus the state in the country. The state decides everything: it is centralization. Colbert will set up structures in order to produce to sell and subsequently exported.
The English are good sailors and they buy a place to sell to another. They develop the banking and insurance. Holland will be financed through the stock exchanges that it created. Banks will want to convert currencies and there will be the creation of paper money as well as agreements between banks in different countries. Currencies are convertible to the gold standard.

Unequal trade with the Third World

The different theories of international trade as a whole define optimal condition for the global economy. However, these theories are the result of studies, analyzes that are expressed without regard to related situations of third world variables. It will henceforth be put in a perfect bubble, where free trade causes only positive but leave room for example to oligopole 1 situations. There is a kind of pessimism vies-à -vies previous theories but this does not prevent the pursuit of improving the conditions of free trade.

States have instruments of direct actions on trade flows customs or indirect administration: the exchange rate. Multinationals have an important role in the regulation of trade flows, price fixing and exchange of goods.

International Business Jobs: October 2013

part 2- Huckster -Ohlin -Samuelson

This model is known by many names. It was first published in a literary form by Bertie Ohlin, who attributed the co-authorship of the model to his supervisor, Eli Huckster in 1933. In 1941, Paul Samuelson and Wolfgang Stopper deduced in an important theorem on the remuneration of factors, which was systematically incorporated into the presentation of the model, now known by the acronym HOS.
The conclusions of the model are:
1. Was partial specialization of each country in the relatively well most intensive in the factor that the country is relatively better endowed?
2. We equalizing the relative prices of goods between countries.
3. Because of the relationship between relative prices and relative earnings, the relative earnings of the relatively scarcer factor in each country decrease while that of the relatively more abundant factor increases.
If this model holds a central place in the literature, it is primarily because of the insights he said, and the richness of the results it offers. However, it is questionable on several points:
• Most of his predictions are overturned by the flow of international trade:
O While the United States has a rate of capital per capita among the highest , they export relatively labor-intensive products ( Leontief paradox ) ;
O The equalization of relative prices is rarely seen, even in a monetary union like the euro area. This observation leads to study the consequences of differences in demand across countries.
• In this model, the mobility of capital leads to a degenerate situation after balancing the relative endowments, countries find themselves in isolation.
Model Cairns - Labeler
In Cairns - Labeler model, all factors of production are fixed (they cannot even move from one industry to another).
Ricardo model -Vine

In the Ricardo - Vainer model, some factors of production are fixed, but not all. Two goods are produced and the supply of labor is divided between two sectors. Ricardo - Vainer model explains the meaning of international trade by developing a specific factors model (or analysis). This model outlines the principles by introducing other factors of production; labor and capital are the earth. The work is the most mobile factor ( can move from one industry to another) , the capital and land are specific to an industry and adjustments will be made at these factors and Ricardo Vainer showed that staffing specific factors will now determine the direction of the exchange and challenge the HOS ( Huckster -Ohlin -Samuelson ) approach. The direction of the exchange is now determined through the qualification work (more work is qualified, it becomes a specific factor). The proposals made ​​by Ricardo Vainer and show that labor income decreases in terms of good whose price increases: increasing the exchange value of a good (relative price) leads to an increase in real compensation factor specifically used in the manufacture of the property and reduces the real wages of the specific factor used in the manufacture of other property in the event or two goods are produced.
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International trade theory

The international trade theory is the branch of economics that focuses on the modeling of trade in goods and of services between states. It also focuses on international investment issues and exchange rates.
The theory of international trade has two. The first is based on the classic inspirational thought de David Ricardo, and the second is based on tools of industrial organization and economic geography.
The classical theories

Theory of absolute advantage

Seeking to defend the idea of free trade, Adam Smith shows in the late eighteenth century, in 1776, a country should not hesitate to buy out that foreign producers can produce more cheaply than domestic producers. Smith then indicates that a country should specialize in the production of goods for which it has the absolute advantage and buy all other goods.
The theory of absolute advantage excludes reciprocal exchange between countries with very different levels of development. Indeed, the most developed countries are likely to benefit from higher productivity in all sectors.

Riparian theory of comparative advantage

David Ricardo in 1817 developed the theory of comparative advantage: a country can benefit from specialization in producing goods in which it has a comparative advantage, even if it has an absolute disadvantage in all goods that it produces. David Ricardo assumed that labor is the only factor of production and that this factor is mobile domestically but immobile internationally. To show that the exchange is always better, he imagines that Portugal has an absolute advantage over England for two goods, that is to say, a case where, in Adam Smith's theory, the exchange could take place. Reasoning on comparative, not absolute costs, it demonstrates that it is advantageous for each to specialize in the production for which it has the strongest advantage (Portuguese wine) or the lowest (English cloth) disadvantage.

The Riparian theory of comparative advantage in international trade links differences in production technology between countries. The Riparian model has two basic conclusions: countries are always winners at the exchange which can produce more efficiently and in exchange situation, countries will specialize in the production well where they have a comparative advantage.
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Ethical Trade and international business

Ethical trade aims to promote and develop good working conditions for producers. The notion of ethics comes from the Greek and has a less pejorative than the word «moral " connotation. This refers to a certain idea of ​​"good».

Difference between fair trade and trade

Fair trade can be considered ethical trade, which is not true in the other direction. The concept of ethical trade is larger than that of fair trade. Fair trade is a movement is an expression among others of ethical trade. Customers who buy a product from Ethical Trade realize a sustainable purchasing.
Application of ethical trade
Ethical trade aims to bring social and environmental improvements in the existing international trade (unlike fair trade which is parallel trade), enforcing such a code of conduct for companies. The «ethical trade «concerns mainly business procedures in the country (codes of conduct, for example). It aims to promote and develop good working conditions for producers. Ethical trade focuses on corporate social responsibility, including northern businesses that have (subcontractors suppliers or raw materials from these countries) important commercial relations with the South. Their economic power, large companies and large retailers have the power to influence social and environmental conditions in developing countries where they operate. It is generally recognized that the power of multinational companies exceeds that of many countries. Ethical trade referred to minimum social and environmental conditions, based on internationally accepted standards respect as those of the International Labor Organization for which the rights of employees ( minimum wages, rights of association , etc.).

Application of fair trade

Fair trade is a movement founded in the early 1960s. He is currently experiencing acceleration in sales across the European and North American market. Fair trade is a social business that aims to establish a satisfactory report for exchanges and that the principle of helping artisan cooperatives in developing countries to develop sustainably. Fair trade must respect a number of rules (see related article Fair Trade ) as to ensure fair compensation to workers , prohibit child labor , ensure working conditions and living healthy and consistent with the values ​​acclaimed by the declaration of human rights , including:
• Prohibition of child labor,
• Health and safety at work
• Prohibition of forced labor (slavery)
• Non-discrimination between men and women, between people of different races, different religions,
• Control of working hours,
• Freedom of association,

• Etc...
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Trading and international business jobs

International Labor Organization

Trade refers to the activity of purchase and resale of goods and services1, especially the purchase in order to resell at a profit or a bénéfice2. Trade has its own laws which are collected in the Commercial Code and its own national or international courts. With purposes other than to make a profit, many economic or professional activities such as education, police, culture, medicine, justice, architecture, religion, etc. . . . do not fall within the realm of trade, but of laws and civil and administrative courts. With its powerful opinion leaders, the World Trade Organization strives to extend its jurisdiction and its principles of profitability on all non-commercial activities by challenging their right to have laws and selfless values.
It follows the movement of increasing specialization that affects human societies:
• Technical division of labor at the level of jobs;
• Sociological division of labor at the level of individuals or groups of individuals;
• International division of labor at the level of territories and / or countries.
The development of these specializations is why - in return - trade and transactions have increased: between individuals, between organizations or between individuals and organizations (associations or companies) on the same or between regions / countries.
Trade is the natural extension of the activity of producing goods and services that may well find an outlet in marketing towards markets and potentially interested customers.
By extension, the term is used in French to designate the place of practice or organization in which professionals of this activity to practice their profession.
See related terms: marketing, sales, point of sale, distribution and logistics.

History of Trade

Originally, commerce refers to a reality where human relations and economic exchanges take place primarily in a context of geographical proximity. Subsequently, trade refers to the activity that circulates the goods, more or less long distance (see trade in the long term) and sells in the markets or fairs. It involves past from individual to individual transactions, acting for their own representative or a third or a business account and all relevant to the realization of the exchange transactions, such as the appreciation of the exchange or transfer although the equipment or service exchanged.
Trade is one of the oldest and most important inventions of mankind. He probably accompanied the emergence and early development of agriculture in the Neolithic. Some consider the origin of civilization of writing, which could have been invented (there are about 5500 years) by Sumerian traders for their accounting. The primitive agriculture was a subsistence activity, with initially self- subsistence crops. Then, under population pressure, farmers and ranchers replace hunter-gatherers. The increased use of seeds and animals selected for breeding desirable characteristics, the use of animal power, various amendments and fertilizers allow better yields and increased production on the same land.
Trade is facilitated (by the fact that the crops beyond subsistence level). The surplus produced and stored will promote:
• Exchanges that provide the opportunity to exchange with other excess product not needed.
• Specialization of tasks, insofar as it is no longer necessary that the entire company is dedicated to agriculture. So part of the population is able to specialize in other areas, such as pottery or metal (iron, bronze, silver, lead, which also allow the introduction of the currency - metal ...).
The industrial revolution, advances in transportation and cold chain and preserves as well as the globalization of trade allow a broader international trade and fast.
Finally, more recently, a trend (which is the subject of much controversy especially from NGOs and poor.3 countries, 4) appears in the United States in the late twentieth century to integrate public services or services ecosystem in a commercial approach promoted by a «General Agreement on trade in Services." With the patenting of living species (crop varieties and livestock) and speculation on the pharmaceutical properties (or green chemistry of plants and other species, possibly GM, some speak of commoditization of life, including genome humain 5

Business and Law

From a legal point of view, trade is qualified commercial act by law. Thus, is a trader in commercial law (commercial code) any person who professes qualified commercial acts by law these actions depend on each nation.
In France, there are commercial acts in the legal sense, it is necessary that at least one party, called "merchant" the activity of purchase and resale. Consequently, when an individual sells his used car to another, it is a matter of civil law and not commercial law.
Business and Economy
Trade is driven by the satisfaction of many human needs. Knowledge, physical strength and the time available it does not allow it to produce only what they need to live. The solution is for him to organize and divide the work: either the one hand it can produce or also to exchange what they produce against what it needs and it does not produce itself.
The exchange of goods naturally involves transport: sea, land, air. Each of these methods has advantages and limitations in terms of time, cost and risk.
Upstream storage shipping and distribution downstream complement transport operations within the entire logistics operations.
Insurance, meanwhile, provides financial solutions for the protection of goods during the delivery operations where the risk of accidental damage, loss or theft exists.

Trade, sales and management

Methods, organizations and business performance can be improved:
Marketing brings its methods for the analysis of the target and general guidelines locating and framing the marketing effort (marketing mix, Digital Distribution, Distribution value ...)
Reflection on the distribution policy focuses on decisions regarding distribution channels and relationships with professional intermediaries involved in the distribution of product
Merchandising provides guidelines for optimizing the performance of outlets (since the general layout of the store to the staging of each line)
Finally the quality of the trade cannot ignore the skills for sale or trading business.

International trade and domestic trade

The trade balance is the representation of national trade. This trade is negotiated between nations by the World Trade Organization. Fair Trade can be considered.
At the level of the organization:

International trade is specific in terms of law (intellectual property ...) and management. In France, chambers of commerce can provide a wealth of information about it.
International Business Jobs: October 2013

All you have to know about International Labor Organization

International Labor Organization

The International Labor Organization (ILO) (English: International Labor Organization, ILO) is a specialized agency of the UN.
Its mission is to bring together governments, employers and workers of its member states in the framework of a tripartite institution for common action to promote decent work throughout the world1.
In 2012, the Organization includes 183 Member States. Genève is headquartered in Switzerland, and its CEO is Guy Columbia October 1, 2012.
The organization is distinguished in 1969 by the award of the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1919, the signatories of the Treaty of Versailles created the International Labor Organization (ILO).
With the resolution of the First World War, many are aware that "there working conditions involving a large number of people injustices, hardship and privation, which causes such resentment that peace and harmony of the world are being danger2». Arthur Fontaine, one of the drafters of Part XIII has created the institution3 - begins its constitution stating that «universal and lasting peace can be established only on the basis of sociale 4 justice."
The new organization moved to the Centre William Rapped, Genève in 1926.
May 10, 1944 The General Conference of the International Labor Organization, meeting in Philadelphia, adopted the Declaration of Philadelphia. Among the institutions of the League of Nations (SDN), the ILO is the only organization that survives the death of the latter in 1946. The ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).
In 2012, it has 183 member states.
With a unique tripartite structure, it brings on an equal footing with representatives of governments, employers and workers to discuss issues related to labor and social policy. The secretariat of the Organization, the International Labor Office (ILO), has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland and operates field offices in over 40 countries.
On the occasion of its fiftieth anniversary in 1969, the ILO was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In February 2002, the ILO created a World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization. This independent body is to bring the debate to leave the field of confrontation to one of dialogue and thus lay the basis for action to ensure that the benefits of globalization to more people.
On 10 June 2008, the ILO adopted unanimously foi5 its new statement, the "Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization" 6.
Observatory and publications
See site trilingual:
See database of publications and documents OIT


International Labor Conference, held once a year the ILO constituents (government officials, representatives of workers and employers representatives) and directs the work of the Organization. It adopts new international labor standards and determines the program and budget of the Organization. Between sessions of the Conference, the Board of Directors composed of 28 government members, 14 employer members and 14 worker members’ pilot activities of the ILO.
Standards and Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
There are currently 189 conventions and 202 recommendations, some of which date back to the creation of the ILO in 1919.
The Governing Body of the ILO has called eight fundamental conventions dealing with issues considered fundamental principles and rights at work:
• Freedom of association and effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining,
• Elimination of forced or compulsory labor (with the exception of " military service, [the] prison labor under appropriate supervision and [ ] to force majeure such as wars, fires and earthquakes " 7)
• The effective abolition of child labor (for this purpose the International Programmed on the Elimination of Child Labor established)
• Improvement of working conditions,
• Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
These principles are also enshrined in the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work of 1998.


Priority Conventions

The Governing Body of the ILO has also designated another four conventions priority instruments, encouraging Member States to ratify them because of their importance for the functioning of the system of international labor standards. The four priority policies are as follows : click here

International Business Jobs: October 2013

International Business Jobs in Usa

International division of labor in USA

The international division of labor, or DIT, is an extension of the work load vision applied to international trade. It refers to the fact that countries are specialized to produce certain financial assets: they do not all work on the same products and, thus, exchange among themselves their production.
In free trade, international specialization leads to the convergence of the remuneration of the factors of production, according to the theorem equalization of factor prices, resulting from the Huckster- Ohlin- Samuelson model.
Traditional DIT
The traditional attributes DIT developed the manufacture of manufactured goods and services countries and poor countries, many developing countries , the supply of commodities in general ( agricultural products, raw materials). But gradually with the development of techniques, but also countries, international division of labor becomes. And some southern countries began to produce the current manufactured goods (textiles, for example).

New international division of labor

Sometimes called "new international division of labor» to describe the current specialization of countries: the newly industrialized countries, especially Asian, today produce manufactured products, including high-end products. Developed countries mainly manufacture technology products and services whose production requires high qualifications. The poorest countries are confined to primary products with low added value.
Until the 1970s, international trade relations were structured by what is now called the "old international division of labor." As we have noted, this division has been established in the nineteenth century following the Riparian analysis ( Ricardo ), corresponding to an exchange of primary products from developing countries against manufactured goods exported by countries developed .
The first wave of the NPI was dominated by four countries in Southeast Asia (the four dragons): Hong Kong, South labored, Singapore and Taiwan, as well as two Latin American countries: Brazil and Mexico.
Then in 1980 came a second wave consisted mainly of Asian countries like Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam (Asian Tigers)
Because of their skilled labor and cheap, these countries were used by multinational corporations as bases for subcontracting. They were first engaged in specific industrial sectors, such as optical instruments, watches, toys and machine tools. Direct investment by multinationals in these countries has, on the one hand, the transfer of technology, and the other, the creation of new wealth which in turn funded new projects.
Today , countries such as South Korea and Brazil, exporting cars, missiles, computers ... Similarly, a small country like Taiwan (23 million) is the third largest exporter of electronic products, the fourteenth trading power .

International decomposition of the production process (DIPP)

The revolution of the last fifty years has come from the lowering of tariffs and the substantial reduction in transport costs. What counts now is the ability to decompose the manufacturing. The product is more complex and it comprises components and subassemblies which can be produced independently of each other. A car, for example, has more than 5000 rooms 1. These components are gradually combined into subsets that are associated during final assembly. This product decomposition then allows the manufacture of the various parts in different countries according to their comparative advantages. The production will be broken internationally hence the name "International decomposition of the production process. »

This phenomenon has given rise to international trade in parts and components and re-exports of finished products after installation. These exchanges are carried out between subsidiaries of multinational firms or through subcontracting or inter-firm agreements. This type of trade is sometimes so important that some countries, including the United States, have created a special statistical classification to evaluate.
International Business Jobs: October 2013